Ancient Period

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Stone Age Britain

12,000 BC

  • Britain begins to warm after an Age of Ice and people begin returning to the lost land after having abandoned it for 100,00 years. They walk from the Continent as Britain will not be an island for several thousand years. The people hunt reindeer and Arctic hares and shelter in caves.

9,500 BC

  • As the climate continues to change, thick woodlands arise and with them forest creatures like red deer and wild cattle, which are hunted with bow and arrow.

9,000 BC

  • Tribes of hunter-gatherers reach every corner of Britain. They are lead by fearsome priest that use dark rituals to commune with the spirits in the natural world around them.

6,000 BC

  • The sea reaches its latter-day level, and Britain is now an island, separated from the Continent by a narrow sea.

4,000 BC

  • Early groups of farming people appear.
  • Other advancements, such as handmade pottery emerge.
  • Flint mining begins, most notably in latter-day Sussex.

3,700 BC

  • The first monuments in Britain are built on the Salisbury plain. They are communal tombs (called long barrows) and enclosures are used for feasting, funerals, and rituals connected to the sun and the afterlife.
  • Tisbury hill is dug for the first time to bury ancient warriors.

3,500 BC

  • New forms of ceremonial sites are constructed—many are long, rectangular enclosures known as ‘cursus monuments’—near latter-day Avesbury and Dorset. Elaborately decorated pottery is now being made.

3,000 BC

  • The first henges (circular enclosures defined by a ditch and bank) are built in North Yorkshire and Orkney. The first timber and stone circles are raised Cumbria.

2,500 BC

  • Larger and more elaborate monuments are built at major ritual centers, including the massive henge at Durrington Walls, the sarsen circle at Stonehenge and the Ring of Brodgar in Orkney.
  • The earliest copper objects and distinctive bell-shaped pottery vessels appear.

Bronze Age Britain

600 BC

  • Giants who roam the Salisbury plains demand tribute from many of the local tribesmen, they receive it in the form of goods. In order to be able to keep up with the high demands for tribute, many tribesmen on Salisbury Plains start to trade with other tribes.
  • A settle forms on a central hill, on what is now Sarum Rock

800 BC

  • Several hill-forts are built in the region of Salisbury Plains

Iron Age Britain

55-54 BC

  • Julius Caesar invades Britain twice, but does not occupy it.

9 AD

  • Three Roman legions are ambushed and slain by the German chieftain Arminius at Tuetoberger Wald. The loss forces Emperor Augustus to cancel his planned invasion of Britain.

43 AD

  • Rome successfully invades Britain.

Ancient Period

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